Within the municipality of JaÃ©n and crossed by the Gandulilla Vale, it benefits from the protection by the Sierra de la Cruz in the north and the Lucero Hill which results in milder winters than experienced in other surrounding villages.
A good part of the municipality also forms part of the Sierra MÃ¡gina, which enjoys an abundance of fauna and flora.
One of the most interesting g spots is by the GargantÃ³n stream rare whitethorns or hawthorns are found. From there one can observe the heighest parts of the MÃ¡gina Mountain with its stony face that descends to the valley below and joins to the pasture lands that lead to the indigenous pine forest and reforestation area. The rocky face next to the GargantÃ³n is home to a great variety of birdlife such as the Royal Swift, the Black Wheatear, the Chough, and the almost extinct Lesser KestrelÂ…
For the first time, the Castle was won back from the Moors sometime between 1243 and 1246, but it was not finally conquered until 1448 and was incorporated under the rule of JÃ³dar some years later.
From 1501 all BÃ©mez lands belonged to Granada in payment of certain debts that the Kings had with that town, reserving the control of the Castle to the Master of JÃ³dar.
The official founding as a town dates back to 1524, when parts of the land were given to some local farm workers, because of this it was also known as "Cortijo de la Fuente de la Moraleda". It formed part of the Granada jurisdiction until the reform of the province of Javier Burgos in 1833 when it then became part of JaÃ©n.
The Renaissance Castle of BÃ©lmez.
The Arab Castle at TorreÃ³n El Lucero.
The Towers' remains (Torres en ruinas): del Sol y Lucena.
THE VILLAGE IS WORLDWIDE KNOWN
This is due to the strange apparition of drawings (faces) on the inside walls of some houses. A phenomenon that started on the 23rd of August 1971 and which attracted attention from all over the world.
If you wish to know more about this, see: