Saturday, 4th July 2020

This Month's Magazine
Diabetes Explained

Diabetes Explained

There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2

Type 1 diabetes develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body are destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin. Nobody knows for sure why these cells are destroyed but the most likely cause is the body having an abnormal reaction to the cells. This may be triggered by a virus or other infection.

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, usually before the age of 40, and especially in childhood and it accounts for between 5% and 15% of all people with diabetes. It is treated by daily insulin injections, a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when the insulin that is produced does not work properly. Insulin acts as a key unlocking the cells, so if there is not enough insulin, or it is not working properly,
the cells are only partially unlocked (or not at all) and glucose builds up in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 40. It is also increasingly becoming more common in children, adolescents and young people of all ethnicities and it accounts for between 85/95% of all people with diabetes. It treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity. In addition, medication and/or insulin are often required.


The main symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes can include:

  • Passing urine more often than usual, especially at night
  • Increased thirst
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Genital itching or regular episodes of thrush
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Blurred vision

Excess sugar intake can be extremely harmful for our body. Avoidance of sugar and sweetened products are very necessary. You should also avoid soft drinks and fruit juices as they contain high sugar content.

Type 2 diabetes food list includes fish, green leafy vegetables and all types of meat such pork, beef, chicken, goose and duck etc. You should also drink enough water in order to keep a proper blood circulation in your body. You have enough foods to
relish, including seafood which make you diet plan quite colourful.

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