Unfortunately contraction is not limited to cats litter, because a cat walks on its litter, the virus can be tracked anywhere a cat walks, including its paws and due to this, all contact with the cat must be limited and the house must be kept extra clean.
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease where the parasite infects most warm-blooded animals, including humans, but the primary host is the felid (cat) family. Animals are infected by eating infected meat, by ingestion of faeces of a cat that has itself recently been infected, or by transmission from mother to foetus. Cats have been shown as a major cause of this infection.
Transmission usually occurs through:
Up to 90% of children born with congenital toxoplasmosis have no symptoms early in infancy, but a large percentage will show signs of infection months to years later. Others show clear signs of infection either at birth or within the first month of life. Some are born prematurely or are unusually small at birth. Other signs and symptoms, if there are any at all, may include:
Some babies with congenital toxoplasmosis have brain and nervous system abnormalities that cause:
They're also at high risk for eye damage involving the retina, resulting in severe vision problems.
If a child is born with congenital toxoplasmosis and remains untreated during infancy, there's almost always some sign of the infection (often eye damage) by early childhood to adolescence.
Most patients who become infected and develop toxoplasmosis do not know it. Most infants who are infected while in the womb have no symptoms at birth but may develop symptoms later in life.
Treatment is often only recommended for people with serious health problems, because the disease is most serious when one's immune system is weak.
Medications that are prescribed for acute toxoplasmosis are in the form of various kinds of antibiotics, however, in latent infections successful treatment is not guaranteed, and some subspecies exhibit resistance.
Notable people with toxoplasmosis