The first recorded use of garden fountains and wall fountains in historical records comes from the ancient Middle East. Diagrams on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs show the use of garden fountains within the enclosed courtyards of dramatic homes. Typically, they would take the form of a rectangular fish pond, with an impressive row of decorative and fruit-bearing trees lining the edges.
The Mesopotamians used fountains extensively in their formal gardens, bringing a lush landscape to the harsh highlands, highlighted with garden fountains. Shady trees irrigated by the fountains provided respite from the hot summer sun.
The Persian influence was felt by the enclosure of the gardens and pools, and the architecture of these gardens was meant to simulate the heavens. Many of these gardens inspired the famous Persian carpet designs that have persisted to this day.
Roman society was intricately tied to the bathing ritual, and particularly enjoyed water features in the gardens intertwined with the public baths.
In the hot deserts of the Middle East, the desert oasis provided the inspiration for the ancient Persian-inspired paradise gardens.
Efforts to more closely match the house with the surroundings are the hallmark of modern landscape design. With plot sizes seemingly on a never ending slide to smaller and smaller plots, the use of the garden, along with its water features, is a way to slow urban creep.
Smaller pools and fountains can help and even the smallest areas feel more serene and personal. There can be nothing more relaxing then sitting by a water feature and listening to the sound of moving water (not to mention the cooling effect) even the smallest patio or terrace can accommodate some form of water feature and add charm and enjoyment all year round.