Sunday, 9th August 2020

This Month's Magazine
Environmental Change in late Pleistocene Gibraltar

Environmental Change in late Pleistocene Gibraltar

Using the data from the Gibraltar caves, supplemented by a regional survey of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites and published studies of other sites in southern Iberia,

a start has been made at interpreting the effects of climate-induced environmental change on the Palaeolithic populations of southern Iberia during Oxygen Isotope Stages (OIS) 4-2 and at modelling the wider context of the evolution of these populations in Iberia.

Our results have highlighted the constancy of the species composition of the large mammal community of the region during the Late Pleistocene and its similarity to the contemporary fauna with the exception of the loss of.
several of the larger carnivores, such as the Spotted Hyaena and the Leopard Panthera Pardus, and rare megafaunal species, such as the Narrow-nosed Rhinoceros Stephanorhinus Hemitoechus. The avifauna is similarly that of open woodland and savanna-like environments to which are added local components associated with cliffs and wetlands.

Fossil humerus from an Atlantic Grey Seal. These seals are not found
further south than the British Isles at present.
 Fossil lower mandible of a Lynx. The Lynx can still be found in restricted areas of the Iberian Peninsula.


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