Wednesday, 19th June 2019
TRAVEL & TOURISM Article
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This Month's Magazine

Baeza- Jaén

PROVINCE: Jaén DISTANCIA FROM CAPITAL (km): 49 HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL (m): 790 AREA COVERAGE (km2): 193 Nº OF INHABITANTS: 15.635 NAME OF INHABITANTS: Baezanos

POSTAL CODE: 23440The origins of this village are ancient and illustrious; it is located in the center of the province, near the Guadalquivir, as if painted into scenery of fertile lands made up of orchards, olive groves.

The famous Laguna Grande spot is within its boundaries and it is the most important feature of great ecological value. It is a secluded and tranquil village of incoimparable beauty, like a castle.
 
Its architectural aspect is quite distinct; the Renaissance, obvious in all its splendour, was the inspiration of Antonio Machado. At every step taken, a different memorable view is created by the palaces and churches, which mingle with the white houses, portals, towers, plazas and fountains.
 
The most important places to visit are the Plaza del Pópulo, the Ayuntamiento, the Plaza de Santa María, the Catedral, the Palacio de Jabalquinto, the Puerta de Úbeda, the Universidad Antigua, the Palacio de los Majorada , the Convento de S. Francisco, the Iglesia de Santa María del Alcázar & S. Andrés, the Iglesia de la Santa Cruz, the Iglesia de S. Pablo and the Convento de la Encarnación.

HISTORY
This is a very ancient village, it is a historical and artistic treasure. Ptolomeus mentions it calling it Biatra. The Visigoths named it Biattiensis and during the al-Andalus era it was referred to as Biesa.
King Alfonso VII conquered it in 1146, the Moors regained it back in 1158 but it was finally and permanently re-conquered by Fernando III in 1227.

It passed on to the Crown in 1388 and two centuries later it distinguished itself during the battle for Granada.
In the XVI it experienced an economic and cultural re-development due to it location on very fertile lands which also inspired Saint Juan de la Cruzto complete his famous "Cántico espiritual".
During the war of independence, in 1810, General Castejón was taken prisoner near Baeza by Napoleon's troops.
It was in the local further education institute that Antonio Machado taught French.


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GASTRONOMY
Sopa de seminarista. Migas con tropezones. Cazuela (vegetable pie with sesame & pine nuts). Empanadas de Viernes. Artichoques with bred rolls. Bacalao Baeza style. Capon with almonds. Partridge salad. Ochíos (Olive and salt pie with peppers).
 
 THE PALACIO DE JABALQUINTO
This splendid XV century building is, without a doubt, the village's emblem. It is a clear demonstration of the Catholic Kings architectural style, the most 
characteristic of the whole province. It building was ordered by Juan Alfonso de Benavides, a relative of King Fernando el Cátolico. The façade is heavily decorated with diamond points, nails, and eight shields, four of which represent the wife's family and the others the husband's. In the interior, there are two locations of focal interest, the Renaissance style patio (XVI century) and the majestic baroque staircase (XVIII century).
 
 PLAZA DEL PÓPULO
The plaza del Pópulo, also called de los Leones, is the most important location in Baeza. This is where the Fuente de los Leones is located.
 
 PUERTA DE JAÉN
The Puerta de Jaén is really part of the ancient walls and forms a double entry, next to the Villalar Arch ant the plaza del Pópulo.
 
 PUERTA DE ÚBEDA
This is the little that is left of the original ancient walls of the Village which was destroyed by Isabel la Católica in order to contain the confrontations with the noblemen of Baeza, in 1477.



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