Saturday, 18th November 2017
BEAUTY Article
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This Month's Magazine
Alcohol Dependance Syndrome (Alcoholism)

Alcohol Dependance Syndrome (Alcoholism)

Like any drug or artificial stimulants, alcohol can ruin the lives of the weak willed.

A cluster of physiological, behavioral and cognitive phenomena in which the use of alcohol takes on a much higher priority for a given individual then other behaviors that once had greater value. A central descriptive characteristic of the dependence syndrome is the desire (often strong, sometimes overpowering) to take alcohol.

There may be evidence that return to alcohol use after a period of abstinence leads to a more rapid reappearance of other features of the syndrome than occurs with non-dependant individuals.

Diagnostic guidelines
A definite diagnosis of dependence should usually be made if three or more of the following have been experienced or exhibited at some time during the previous year.

  • A strong desire or sense of compulsion to take alcohol.
  • Difficulties in controlling alcohol-taking behavior in terms of its onset, termination or levels of use.
  • A physiological withdrawal state when alcohol use has ceased or been reduced, as evidenced by the characteristic withdrawal syndrome for alcohol; or use of the alcohol with the intention of relieving or avoiding withdrawal symptoms. 
  • Evidence of tolerance, such that increased doses of alcohol are required in order to achieve effects originally produced by lower doses.
  • Progressive neglect of alternative pleasures or interests because of alcohol use, increased amount of time necessary to obtain or take alcohol or to recover from its effects.
  • Persisting with alcohol use despite clear evidence of overtly harmful consequences, such as harm to the liver through excessive drinking; efforts should be made to determine that the user was actually or could be, aware of the nature and extent of the harm.


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Narrowing of the personal repertoire of patterns of alcohol use, has been described as a characteristic feature (e.g. a tendency to drink alcoholic drinks in the same way on weekdays and weekends , regardless of social constraints that determine appropriate drinking behaviour).

It is an essential characteristic of the dependence syndrome, that either alcohol taking or a desire to take alcohol should be present; the subjective awareness of compulsion to use alcohol is most commonly seen during attempts to stop or control its use.



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