What are the most common causes of gastric reflux?
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the contents of the stomach rise to the esophagus causing annoying symptoms. Patients often have hiatus hernia, but it can also occur due to an increase in abdominal pressure or weakness of the lower esophageal sphincter.
And the most characteristic symptoms of GERD?
Patients with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) may have greater or lesser distressing symptoms and may or may not have complications. This variability depends onfactors such as the duration of GERD episodes, the volume and aggressiveness (greater or lesser acidity) of the refluxed material, the contact time of this material with the esophagus, the sensitivity of each person to the acid stimulus, etc. The most frequent symptoms are heartburn (sensation of heartburn or retrosternal burning), food regurgitation and chest pain, and among the complications are to be included erosive esophagitis, esophageal stricture, Barrett’s esophagus and laryngitis.
Risk factors for the development of reflux?
Poor diet, eating too fast, not chewing well, being overweight, pregnancy, taking multiple medications are factors that can increase the risk of developing GERD.
What possible treatments exist in HC Marbella and when are they indicated?
Changes in eating habits and taking medication, sometimes are not enough to control the GERD or there are complications to be treated.