Wednesday, 12th August 2020

This Month's Magazine
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

A press release sent in by Sonia Fendley, director of STM Nummos Life S.L

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of talking therapy. It helps you change how you think, feel and behave.

CBT is based on the idea that some problems arise because of how you view life events, rather than because of the events themselves. CBT is a combination of:

  • Cognitive therapy, which looks at how you think about situations, events and symptoms in your life
  • Behavioural therapy, which focuses on how you behave in response to those thoughts

When you have CBT, you learn how to recognise negative or unhelpful thinking patterns and replace them with positive or helpful ones. You can have CBT with a therapist or use self-help books or computer programmes.



Your GP may recommend CBT for several reasons. CBT is the preferred psychological treatment for anxiety disorders and depression. But it can also be used to treat other mental health disorders and physical conditions, including:

  • Panic disorder
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd)
  • Body dimorphic disorder 
  • Phobias
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Eating disorders
  • Anger issues
  • Sleep problems
  • Persistent pain
  • Sexual or relationship issues
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar affective disorder. 

You can have CBT on its own or alongside any medicines you’re taking. You usually have CBT for between six weeks and six months. You may have it on your own, with your partner or a family member, or in a group.

Your CBT therapist will show you practical techniques so you can identify how you’re thinking and how this affects your feelings and behaviour. You will learn to challenge negative ways of thinking and how to react more positively. You will then explore other ways of dealing with a distressing situation.

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