In general, four factors should be considered when choosing a palm tree for your property.
The first factor is the size of the tree at maturity. Remember that little palm for sale at a local nursery might reach a height of 50 feet or more as an adult tree overpowering the rest of your property, interfering with overhead cables and underground drains and perhaps, threatening buildings if the tree is planted too nearby. Make sure that the size of your palm at maturity is in keeping with your needs and overall landscape design.
The second factor is temperature. Most types of palm tree will not tolerate freezing weather and even a short bout of frost may weaken a tree and leave it vulnerable to insects and disease. In some areas the climate is simply too severe for successful palm growth. Check with your local nursery or tree expert for advice if you're unsure about growing conditions in your area.
The third factor is sunlight. Not all varieties of palm tree are equally sun tolerant. Some varieties, in fact, prefer shady conditions to full exposure. Keep this in mind when thinking of the kind of palm tree that would be best for you.
The final factor is water, while palm trees have long been associated with desert conditions in the wild, they are only found near abundant and continuous supplies of water. If you are thinking about planting a palm tree on your property, make sure that the tree will receive adequate water and be prepared to water a newly transplanted tree frequently while it acclimatizes.
Planting palm trees is similar, in most ways, to planting other kinds of trees. Nursery grown palms are generally sold potted, making replanting easier. Try to plant your tree shortly after purchase. If there is going to be any time lag between purchase and planting, make sure that the tree's root ball is kept moist but not soaking. Be careful when transporting and handling palm trees, the bark is easily damaged and damaged areas leave the tree vulnerable to insects and fungus.
The best time of year to plant is during the warmer months when the soil temperature is at least 65 degrees F. Although palms are slow growing and you will have to wait many years for your tree to reach maturity, young trees are attractive and will reward you with many years of pleasure.